Design of Steel Structures

Question 1
For the square steel beam cross-section shown in the figure, the shape factor about z- z axis is S and the plastic moment capacity is M_P. Consider yield stress f_y = 250 MPa and a = 100 mm.

The values of S and M_P (rounded-off to one decimal place) are
A
S = 2.0, M_P= 58.9 kN-m
B
S = 2.0, M_P=100.2 kN-m
C
S = 1.5, M_P= 58.9 kN-m
D
S = 1.5, M_P=100.2 kN-m
GATE CE 2022 SET-2      Plastic Analysis
Question 1 Explanation: 
Shape factor for diamond shaped section = 2
\begin{aligned} S&=\frac{M_P}{M_y}=\frac{f_yZ_P}{f_yZ_e}\\ M_P&=S.M_y=S.f_y.Z_e \end{aligned}


\begin{aligned} I_{ZZ}&=\frac{a^4}{12}\\ Z_{ZZ}&=\frac{a^4 \times \sqrt{2}}{12 \times a }=\frac{\sqrt{2}a^3}{12}mm^3\\ M_P&=\left [ 2 \times 250 \times \frac{\sqrt{2} \times (100)^3}{12} \right ] \times 10^{-6} kNm\\ &=58.93kNm \end{aligned}
Question 2
A weld is used for joining an angle section ISA 100 mm x 100 mm x 10 mm to a gusset plate of thickness 15 mm to transmit a tensile load. The permissible stress in the angle is 150 MPa and the permissible shear stress on the section through the throat of the fillet weld is 108 MPa. The location of the centroid of the angle is represented by C_{yy} in the figure, where C_{yy}=28.4mm. The area of cross-section of the angle is 1903 mm^2. Assuming the effective throat thickness of the weld to be 0.7 times the given weld size, the lengths L_1 and L_2 (rounded- off to the nearest integer) of the weld required to transmit a load equal to the full strength of the tension member are, respectively

A
541 mm and 214 mm
B
214 mm and 541 mm
C
380 mm and 151 mm
D
151 mm and 380 mm
GATE CE 2022 SET-1      Structural Fasteners
Question 2 Explanation: 
As per IS:800-2007 Clause no. 11.2.1
Full strength of tension member,
\begin{aligned} P&=\sigma _{at} \times A_g\\ P&=150 \times 1903\\ P&=285450N \end{aligned}
Weld strength of L_1,
\begin{aligned} P_1&=L_1\times (0.7 \times s) \times 108\\ P_1&=L_1\times (0.7 \times 5) \times 108\\ P_1&=378L_1 \end{aligned}
Weld strength of L_2,
\begin{aligned} P_2&=L_2\times (0.7 \times s) \times 108\\ P_2&=L_2\times (0.7 \times 5) \times 108\\ P_2&=378L_2 \end{aligned}
Applying moment CG equal to zero,
\begin{aligned} P_1 \times 28.4 &=P_2 \times (100-28.4)\\ \frac{P_1}{P_2}&=\frac{71.6}{28.4}\\ \frac{L_1 \times 378}{L_2 \times 378}&=\frac{71.6}{28.4}=2.521\\ L_1&=2.521L_2\\ \text{Total weld strength}&=\text{Tensile strength}\\ (L_1+L_2) \times 3.5 \times 108&=285450\\ L_1+L_2&=755.158\\ 2.521L_2+L_2&=755.152\\ L_2&=214.472mm\\ L_1&=540.685mm\\ \end{aligned}
Question 3
A prismatic steel beam is shown in the figure.

The plastic moment, M_{p} calculated for the collapse mechanism using static method and kinematic method is
A
M_{P, \text { static }} \gt \frac{2 P L}{9}=M_{P, \text { kinematic }}
B
M_{P, \text { static }}=\frac{2 P L}{9} \neq M_{P, \text { kinematic }}
C
M_{P, \text { static }}=\frac{2 P L}{9}=M_{P, \text { kinematic }}
D
M_{P, \text { static }} \lt \frac{2 P L}{9}=M_{P, \text { kinematic }}
GATE CE 2021 SET-2      Plastic Analysis
Question 3 Explanation: 


\begin{aligned} \text{At collapse,} \quad M_{p} \theta+M_{p} \phi&=P \Delta\\ \Rightarrow \quad \quad 3 M_{P} \frac{\Delta}{l}+\frac{3 M_{P} \Delta}{2 l} &=P \Delta \\ M_{P} &=\frac{2 P l}{9}\\ \text{Also,} \qquad\qquad \quad M_{P ,\text { static }}&=M_{P,\text{ kinematic}} \end{aligned}
Question 4
A column is subjected to a total load (P) of 60 kN supported through a bracket connection, as shown in the figure (not to scale).

The resultant force in bolt R (in kN,round off to one decimal place) is ________
A
28.2
B
46.8
C
22.6
D
38.2
GATE CE 2021 SET-1      Structural Fasteners
Question 4 Explanation: 
\begin{aligned} F_{1}&=\frac{P}{n}=\frac{60}{6}=10 \mathrm{kN}\\ F_{2}&=\frac{P \cdot e}{\sum r_{i}^{2}} \times r_{R}=\frac{60 \times 100\mathrm{~mm}}{4 \times 50^{2}+2 \times 40^{2}} \times 40\\ F_{2}&=\frac{60 \times 100 \times 40}{10000+3200}=\frac{60 \times 100 \times 40}{13200}=\frac{200}{11} \mathrm{kN}\\ F_{R}&=F_{1}+F_{2}\\ &=10+\frac{200}{11}=\frac{310}{11}=28.2 \mathrm{kN} \end{aligned}
Question 5
Two steel plates are lap jointed in a workshop using 6 mm thick fillet weld as shown in the figure (not drawn to the scale). The ultimate strength of the weld is 410 MPa.

As per Limit State Design is IS 800 : 2007, the design capacity (in kN, round off to three decimal places) of the welded connection, is _______.
A
125.547
B
653.247
C
413.586
D
212.478
GATE CE 2020 SET-2      Structural Fasteners
Question 5 Explanation: 
Design capacity of welded connection
P_s=f_b \times l_{eff}\times t_t

\begin{aligned} P&=\frac{410}{\sqrt{3} \times 1.25} \times 520 \times 0.7 \times 6 \\ &= \frac{716352}{\sqrt{3}}=413586N\\ &= 413.586kN \end{aligned}
Question 6
The ratio of the plastic moment capacity of a beam section to its yield moment capacity is termed as
A
aspect ratio
B
load factor
C
shape factor
D
slenderness ratio
GATE CE 2020 SET-2      Plastic Analysis
Question 6 Explanation: 
Ratio of \frac{M_p}{M_y}= Shape factor
Question 7
The flange and web plates of the doubly symmetric built-up section are connected by continuous 10 mm thick fillet welds as shown in the figure (not drawn to the scale). The moment of inertia of the section about its principal axis X-X is 7.73 \times 10^{6} mm^4. The permissible shear stress in the fillet welds is 100 N/ mm^2. The design shear strength of the section is governed by the capacity of the fillet welds.

The maximum shear force (in kN, round off to one decimal place) that can be carried by the section, is _______.
A
393.5
B
125.4
C
256.3
D
485.2
GATE CE 2020 SET-1      Beams
Question 7 Explanation: 


q = Shear stress at the level mn in the weld = 100 MPa =\frac{SA\bar{y}}{Ib}
Shear force at the given section
A = Area of the cross-section above the level mn=100 \times 10 mm^2
\bar{y}=C.G. of shaded area above the level mn = 60-5 = 55 m
I=7.73 \times 10^6 mm^4
b = Width of weld at mn (4 welds) = 4 x t = 4 x 7 = 28 mm
t = Throat thickness
\begin{aligned} &=0.7 \times s=0.7 \times 10 \times 4=28 mm \\ 100&= \frac{F \times (100 \times 10) \times 55}{7.73 \times 10^6 \times 28}\\ F&=\frac{100 \times 7.73 \times 10^6 \times 28}{1000\times 55} \\ &=393.527kN \end{aligned}
Question 8
A rolled I-section beam is supported on a 75 mm wide bearing plate as shown in the figure. Thicknesses of flange and web of the I-section are 20 mm and 8 mm, respectively. Root radius of the I-section is 10 mm. Assume: material yield stress, f_y=250 MPa and partial safety factor for material, \gamma _{mo}=1.10.

As per IS: 800-2007, the web bearing strength (in kN, round off to 2 decimal places) of the beam is ________
A
272.73
B
185.64
C
286.92
D
312.44
GATE CE 2019 SET-2      Beams
Question 8 Explanation: 


Web bearing strength
\begin{aligned} &=[b+2.5(t_f+R)]\times t_w \times \frac{f_y}{\gamma _{mo}} \\ &= [75+2.5(20+10)] \times 8 \times \frac{250}{1.1}\\ &= 272.73kN \end{aligned}
Question 9
The critical bending compressive stress in the extreme fibre of a structural steel section is 1000 MPa. It is given that the yield strength of the steel is 250 MPa, width of flange is 250 mm and thickness of flange is 15 mm. As per the provisions of IS:8002007, the non-dimensional slenderness ratio of the steel cross-section is
A
0.25
B
0.5
C
0.75
D
2
GATE CE 2019 SET-2      Compression Member
Question 9 Explanation: 
\lambda =\sqrt{\frac{f_y}{f_{cr}}}=\sqrt{\frac{250}{1000}}=0.5
Question 10
For a channel section subjected to a downward vertical shear force at its centroid, which one of the following represents the correct distribution of shear stress in flange and web?
A
A
B
B
C
C
D
D
GATE CE 2019 SET-2      Structural Fasteners
Question 10 Explanation: 
Shear flow in horizontal member (flange) is linear with zero at free end and in vertical member (web) it is parabolic.
There are 10 questions to complete.

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