# GATE Civil Engineering 2021 SET-1

 Question 1
The rank of matrix $\left[\begin{array}{llll} 1 & 2 & 2 & 3 \\ 3 & 4 & 2 & 5 \\ 5 & 6 & 2 & 7 \\ 7 & 8 & 2 & 9 \end{array}\right]$ is
 A 1 B 2 C 3 D 4
Engineering Mathematics   Linear Algebra
Question 1 Explanation:
Using $R_{2} \rightarrow R_{2} \rightarrow 3 R_{1}, R_{3} \rightarrow R_{3}-5 R_{1}, R_{4} \rightarrow R_{4}-7 R_{1}$
$A=\left[\begin{array}{cccc} 1 & 2 & 2 & 3 \\ 0 & -2 & -4 & -4 \\ 0 & -4 & -8 & -8 \\ 0 & -6 & -12 & -12 \end{array}\right]$
Using $R_{3} \rightarrow R_{3}-2 R_{2}, R_{4} \rightarrow R_{4}-3 R_{2}$
$A=\left[\begin{array}{cccc} 1 & 2 & 2 & 3 \\ 0 & -2 & -4 & -4 \\ 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 \end{array}\right]$
So, $\rho(A)=$ No. of non-zero rows = 2.
 Question 2
If $P=\left[\begin{array}{ll} 1 & 2 \\ 3 & 4 \end{array}\right]$ and $Q=\left[\begin{array}{ll} 0 & 1 \\ 1 & 0 \end{array}\right]$ then $Q^{T} P^{T}$ is
 A $\left[\begin{array}{ll} 1 & 2 \\ 3 & 4 \end{array}\right]$ B $\left[\begin{array}{ll} 1 & 3 \\ 2 & 4 \end{array}\right]$ C $\left[\begin{array}{ll} 2 & 1 \\ 4 & 3 \end{array}\right]$ D $\left[\begin{array}{ll} 2 & 4 \\ 1 & 3 \end{array}\right]$
Engineering Mathematics   Linear Algebra
Question 2 Explanation:
$\begin{array}{l} \quad P Q=\left[\begin{array}{ll} 1 & 3 \\ 2 & 4 \end{array}\right]\left[\begin{array}{ll} 0 & 1 \\ 1 & 0 \end{array}\right]=\left[\begin{array}{ll} 2 & 4 \\ 1 & 3 \end{array}\right] \\ (P Q)^{\top}=\left[\begin{array}{ll} 2 & 4 \\ 1 & 3 \end{array}\right] \end{array}$
Now using Reversal law
$Q^{\top} P^{\top}=(P Q) T=\left[\begin{array}{ll} 2 & 4 \\ 1 & 3 \end{array}\right]$

 Question 3
The shape of the cumulative distribution function of Gaussian distribution is
 A Horizontal line B Straight line at 45 degree angle C Bell-shaped D S-shaped
Engineering Mathematics   Probability and Statistics
Question 3 Explanation:

$PDF:f(x)=\frac{1}{\sigma \sqrt{2 \pi}}e^{-(x-\mu )^2/(2\sigma ^2)}$
$CDF:F(x)=\frac{1}{2}\left [ 1+eff\left ( \frac{x-\mu }{\sigma \sqrt{2}} \right ) \right ]$
 Question 4
A propped cantilever beam EF is subjected to a unit moving load as shown in the figure (not to scale). The sign convention for positive shear force at the left and right sides of any section is also shown.

The CORRECT qualitative nature of the influence line diagram for shear force at G is
 A B C D
Structural Analysis   Influence Line Diagram and Rolling Loads
Question 4 Explanation:

As per Muller Breslau principle ILD for stress function (shear $-V_{G}$) will be a combination of curves ($3^{\circ}$ curves).
 Question 5
Gypsum is typically added in cement to
 A prevent quick setting B enhance hardening C increase workability D decrease heat of hydration
Construction Materials and Management
Question 5 Explanation:
The Gypsum is added to cement at the end of grinding clinker it is added to prevent quick setting.

There are 5 questions to complete.