# Properties of Soils

 Question 1
Let $\psi$ represent soil suction head and $K$ represent hydraulic conductivity of the soil. If the soil moisture content $\theta$ increases, which one of the following statements is TRUE?
 A $\psi$ decreases and K increases. B $\psi$ increases and K decreases. C Both $\psi$ and K decrease. D Both $\psi$ and K increase.
GATE CE 2022 SET-1   Geotechnical Engineering
Question 1 Explanation:
$h_c\propto \frac{1}{R}$
$K\propto S$
Water content $\uparrow \rightarrow R\uparrow \rightarrow h_c \downarrow \rightarrow \psi \downarrow$
Water content $\uparrow \rightarrow S\uparrow \rightarrow K \uparrow$
 Question 2
In an aggregate mix, the proportions of coarse aggregate, fine aggregate and mineral filler are 55%, 40% and 5%, respectively. The values of bulk specific gravity of the coarse aggregate, fine aggregate and mineral filler are 2.55, 2.65 and 2.70, respectively. The bulk specific gravity of the aggregate mix (round off to two decimal places) is ____________
 A 2.6 B 3.21 C 5.64 D 6.25
GATE CE 2021 SET-2   Geotechnical Engineering
Question 2 Explanation:
$G_{m}=\frac{55+40+5}{\frac{55}{2.55}+\frac{40}{2.65}+\frac{5}{2.70}}=2.596$
 Question 3
A partially-saturated soil sample has natural moisture content of 25% and bulk unit weight of $18.5 \mathrm{kN} / \mathrm{m}^{3}$. The specific gravity of soil solids is 2.65 and unit weight of water is $9.81 \mathrm{kN} / \mathrm{m}^{3}$. The unit weight of the soil sample on full saturation is
 A $21.12 \mathrm{kN} / \mathrm{m}^{3}$ B $19.03 \mathrm{kN} / \mathrm{m}^{3}$ C $20.12 \mathrm{kN} / \mathrm{m}^{3}$ D $18.50 \mathrm{kN} / \mathrm{m}^{3}$
GATE CE 2021 SET-1   Geotechnical Engineering
Question 3 Explanation:
\begin{aligned} \mathrm{w} &=0.25, \gamma_{\mathrm{t}}=18.5 \mathrm{kN} / \mathrm{m}^{3} \\ \mathrm{G}_{\mathrm{s}} &=2.65, \gamma_{\mathrm{w}}=9.81 \\ \gamma_{\mathrm{t}} &=\frac{G_{\mathrm{S}} \gamma_{W}(1+w)}{1+e} \\ \Rightarrow \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \mathrm{e} &=\frac{2.65 \times 9.81 \times 1.25}{18.5}-1\\ \Rightarrow \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad e&=0.756\\ \text{At full saturation}, \quad \mathrm{S}&=1\\ \Rightarrow \qquad \qquad \qquad \quad \gamma_{\mathrm{sat}}&=\frac{\left(G_{\mathrm{S}}+e\right) \gamma_{\mathrm{W}}}{1+e}\\ \gamma_{\text {sat }} &=\frac{(2.65+0.756) \times 9.81}{1.756} \\ &=19.03 \mathrm{kN} / \mathrm{m}^{3} \end{aligned}
 Question 4
A soil has dry weight of 15.5 $kN/m^3$, specific gravity of 2.65 and degree of saturation of 72%. Considering the unit weight of water as 10 $kN/m^3$, the water content of the soil (in %, round off to two decimal places) is ________.
 A 19.28 B 0.19 C 0.28 D 28.12
GATE CE 2020 SET-2   Geotechnical Engineering
Question 4 Explanation:
\begin{aligned} \gamma _d&=15.5 kN/m^3\\ G&=2.65\\ S&=72\% \\ \gamma _d&=\frac{G\gamma _w}{1+e}\\ &=\frac{2.65 \times 10}{1+e}=15.5\\ e&=0.7096\\ w&=\frac{Se}{G}=\frac{0.72 \times 0.7096}{2.65}=0.1928\\ w&=19.28\% \end{aligned}
 Question 5
A sample of 500 g dry sand, when poured into a 2 litre capacity cylinder which is partially filled with water, displaces 188 $cm^3$ of water. The density of water is 1 $g/cm^3$. The specific gravity of the sand is
 A 2.72 B 2.66 C 2.55 D 2.52
GATE CE 2020 SET-2   Geotechnical Engineering
Question 5 Explanation:
\begin{aligned} W_s&=500gm \\ V_s&=188cc \\ \gamma _s&=\frac{W_s}{V_s} \\ G_s&=\frac{\gamma _s}{\gamma _w}\\&=\frac{500/188}{1}=2.66 \end{aligned}
 Question 6
Soil deposit formed due to transportation by wind is termed as
 A aeolian deposit B alluvial deposit C estuarine deposit D lacustrine deposit
GATE CE 2020 SET-2   Geotechnical Engineering
Question 6 Explanation:
Soil deposited by wind is Aeolian soil.
 Question 7
The dimensions of a soil sampler are given in the table. For this sampler, the outside clearance ratio (in percent, round off to 2 decimal places) is ______
 A 8.96 B 11.11 C 16.2 D 18.6
GATE CE 2019 SET-2   Geotechnical Engineering
Question 7 Explanation: Outside clearance $=\left ( \frac{D_2 -D_4}{D_4} \right ) \times 100$
Outside clearance $=\left ( \frac{100 -90}{90} \right ) \times 100 =11.11\%$
 Question 8
The notation "SC" as per Indian Standard Soil Classification System refers to
 A Sandy clay B Silty clay C Clayey silt D Clayey sand
GATE CE 2019 SET-2   Geotechnical Engineering
Question 8 Explanation:
SC$\rightarrow$Clayey sand
 Question 9
If the fineness modulus of a sample of fine aggregates is 4.3, the mean size of the particles in the sample is between
 A $150\mu m \; and \; 300\mu m$ B $300\mu m \; and \; 600\mu m$ C $1.18\mu m \; and \; 2.36\mu m$ D $2.36\mu m \; and \; 4.75\mu m$
GATE CE 2019 SET-2   Geotechnical Engineering
Question 9 Explanation:
F.M of mean size 2.36 = 5
F.M of mean size 1.18 = 4
Hence for F.M of 4.3, the mean size of aggregate will be between 1.18 mm and 2.36 mm.
 Question 10
A box measuring 50 cmx50cmx50cm is filled to the top with dry coarse aggregate of mass 187.5 kg. The water absorption and specific gravity of the aggregate are 0.5% and 2.5, respectively. The maximum quantity of water (in kg, round off to 2 decimal places) required to fill the box completely is_______
 A 40.56 B 50.94 C 80.5 D 90.5
GATE CE 2019 SET-1   Geotechnical Engineering
Question 10 Explanation:
Total volume of Box $=0.5 \times 0.5\times 0.5=0.125m^3$
wt of aggregates = 187.5 kg
sp. gravity = 2.5
Unit weight $=2.5 \times 9.81=24.525kN/m^3$
wt of water absorbed $=\frac{0.5}{100}\times 187.5=0.9375kg$
vol of aggregate $=\frac{187.5 \times 9.81}{1000 \times 24.525}=0.075m^3$
volume of voids $=0.125-0.075=0.05m^3$
wt of water in voids $=0.05 \times 1000=50kg$
wt of water required to fill the box $= 50 + 0.9375 = 50.94 kg$
There are 10 questions to complete.

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