Electrical Drives

 Question 1
A shunt-connected DC motor operates at its rated terminal voltage. Its no-load speed is 200 radian/second. At its rated torque of 500 Nm, its speed is 180 radian/second. The motor is used to directly drive a load whose load torque $T _{L}$ depends on its rotational speed $\omega _{r}$ (in radian/second), such that $T _{L}=2.78 \times \omega _{r}$. Neglecting rotational losses, the steady-state speed (in radian/second) of the motor, when it drives this load, is _______.
 A 120 B 180 C 240 D 285
GATE EE 2015-SET-2   Power Electronics
Question 1 Explanation:
$T_L=2.78 \times \omega$
After neglecting rotational losses,
$(T_{sh}=T_a)=T_L$
\begin{aligned} T_a&=500Nm=2.78 \times \omega \\ \omega _r&=179.85 \\ \omega _r&\simeq 180 \text{ rad/sec} \end{aligned}
 Question 2
The separately excited dc motor in the figure below has a rated armature current of 20 A and a rated armature voltage of 150 V. An ideal chopper switching at 5 kHz is used to control the armature voltage. If $L_a=0.1mH, R_a=1\Omega$, neglecting armature reaction, the duty ratio of the chopper to obtain 50% of the rated torque at the rated speed and the rated field current is
 A 0.4 B 0.5 C 0.6 D 0.7
GATE EE 2013   Power Electronics
Question 2 Explanation:
\begin{aligned} V_a &=E_b+I_aR_a \\ 150&=E_b+20 \times 1 \\ E_b&= 130V\\ \text{For half} &\text{ the rated torque,} \\ I_a&=10A \\ V_a&=130+10 \times 1=140 \\ D&=\frac{140}{200}=0.7 \end{aligned}

 Question 3
A 3-phase squirrel cage induction motor supplied from a balanced 3-phase source drives a mechanical load. The torque-speed characteristics of the motor(solid curve) and of the load(dotted curve) are shown. Of the two equilibrium points A and B, which of the following options correctly describes the stability of A and B ?
 A A is stable, B is unstable B A is unstable, B is stable C Both are stable D Both are unstable
GATE EE 2009   Power Electronics
Question 3 Explanation:

Let torque developed by the motor $=T_m$
Load torque $=T_L$
Accelerating torque,$T_a=T_m-T_L$
At point A,
$T_m=T_L$
$\Rightarrow \;\;T_a=T_m-T_L=0$
So, no accelerating , hence the motor rums at speed $N_A$.
When a smal disturbance decreases speed to $N_c$
At point C,
$T_m \gt T_L$
$\Rightarrow \;\;T_a \gt 0$
So, motor will accelerate and comes to point A. When the disturbance increases speed to $N_D$.
At point D,
$T_m \lt T_L$
$\Rightarrow \;\;T_a \lt 0$
Motor will decelerate and comes at point A
So, motor is stable at point A.
When the motor is operating at point B.,
$T_m = T_L$
$\Rightarrow \;\;T_a= 0$
If a small disturbance decreases speed to $N_E$.
$T_m \lt T_L$
$\Rightarrow \;\;T_a \lt 0$
Motor will decelerate and motor speed will keep on decreasing.
If the disturbance increases speed to $N_F$.
At point F,
$T_m \gt T_L$
$\Rightarrow \;\;T_a \gt 0$
Motor will accelerate and motor speed will keep on increasing.
So, motor is unstable at point B.
 Question 4
A single phase fully controlled converter bridge is used for electrical braking of a separately excited dc motor. The dc motor load is represented by an equivalent circuit as shown in the figure.

Assume that the load inductance is sufficient to ensure continuous and ripple free load current. The firing angle of the bridge for a load current of $I_0=10 A$ will be
 A 44$^{\circ}$ B 51$^{\circ}$ C 129$^{\circ}$ D 136$^{\circ}$
GATE EE 2008   Power Electronics
Question 4 Explanation:
Average output voltage of the converter,
$V_0=\frac{2V_m}{\pi}\cos \alpha$
Load current $=I_0=10A$
Back emf $=E_b=150V$
Armature resistance$=R_a=2\Omega$
Applying KVL,
\begin{aligned} &V_0-2I_0+150=0 \\ \Rightarrow \;& V_0=-150+2 \times 10\\ &=-130V\\ \Rightarrow \; & \frac{2V_m}{\pi} \cos \alpha =-130\\ \Rightarrow \; &\frac{2 \times \sqrt{2} \times 230}{\pi}\cos \alpha=-130 \\ \Rightarrow \;&\alpha =129^{\circ} \end{aligned}
 Question 5
A three-phase, 440 V, 50 Hz ac mains fed thyristor bridge is feeding a 440 V dc, 15 kW, 1500 rpm separately excited dc motor with a ripple free continuos current in the dc link under all operating conditions, Neglecting the losses, the power factor of the ac mains at half the rated speed is
 A 0.354 B 0.372 C 0.9 D 0.955
GATE EE 2007   Power Electronics
Question 5 Explanation:

For a separately excited dc motor
back emf $=E_a=V_0-I_aR_a$
Since, losses are neglected $R_a$ can be neglected
So,
\begin{aligned} E_a&=V_0 \\ V_0&=E_a =k_a\phi N \;\;...(i)\\ V_0&\propto N \end{aligned}
At rated voltage $V_0=440V$ and N=1500rpm, so, at half the rated speed $\left ( \frac{N}{2} =750 \;rpm\right )$ output voltage of the bridge ($V_0$) is 220V.
if $I_a$ is the average value of armature current rms value of supply current will be
$I_s=I_a\sqrt{\frac{2}{3}}$
Power delivered to the motor
$P_0=V_0I_a$
Input VA to the thyristor bridge
$S_{in}=\sqrt{3}V_sI_s$
Input power factor
$=\frac{P_0}{S_{in}}=\frac{V_0I_a}{\sqrt{3}V_sI_s}=\frac{220 \times I_a}{\sqrt{3} \times 440 \times I_a\sqrt{\frac{2}{3}}}=0.345$

There are 5 questions to complete.